Lick Creek

Land that drains into Lick Creek is known as its watershed. The Lick Creek watershed lies on the southeastern side of the city limits, next to the densely developed Brier Creek area in Wake County. The watershed includes the area north of U.S. Highway 70 to Falls Lake. A large portion of this watershed is outside of the City of Durham within Durham County (although much of the area is within the city’s urban growth boundary).

Water from Lick Creek flows into Falls Lake. Then it flows into the Neuse River and then the Albemarle-Pamlico Sound before emptying into the ocean.

Stream Water Quality
Stormwater Services staff tracks water quality at 2 sites in Lick Creek. The health and cleanliness of the watershed is reported in Durham’s annual State of Our Streams Report. In years when staff is able to take a wide variety of tests, the watershed is also given a grade. Lick Creek was last given a grade of 82 in 2009. This compares to a "C" letter grade in high school. Lick Creek has problems with:
  • Cloudy water from dirt washed into the creek
  • High fecal coliform (a bacteria associated with raw sewage) levels
  • High nutrient levels that can cause too much algae to grow
The state decided that these water quality concerns keep Lick Creek from its intended uses by people and wildlife. The state added the creek to a list of impaired water bodies, also known as the 303(d) list. This means the city will need to take steps to find and reduce sources of pollution in the creek.

Stormwater Projects in Lick Creek
Water Pollution Investigations
Stormwater Services staff investigates water pollution reported by other city employees and Durham residents. In the 2015 reporting year, one source of pollution, a sanitary sewer overflow, was reported.
 
Stormwater Services encourages neighbors to discuss and discourage putting trash, wash water, grease, or other pollution into storm drains. Anything that goes into storm drains does not get treated and, in this watershed, eventually washes into Lick Creek. Citizens can also call the Stormwater Hotline (919-560-SWIM) to report water pollution.

Stream Bank Plantings
This project involved planting more than 200 trees and shrubs along river banks in the Lick and Little Lick Creek watersheds. Plants along stream edges help keep banks stable. They naturally filter pollution out of the water running into the stream. Trees shade creeks and keep them from getting too warm and provide important habitat. Plants along the water’s edge are known as buffers. Learn more about how to improve buffers on the N.C. Clean Water Education Partnership website. Funding for the project was provided by a grant from the Home Depot Foundation via the Center for Watershed Protection. The Upper Neuse River Basin Association coordinated the project and the city provided mulch and planting tools. Volunteers from Duke and the community helped with the plantings.

Lick Creek Restoration Project
The Clean Water Management Trust Fund and the Durham County Soil and Water Conservation District partnered to repair 3,550 feet of stream banks in the Lick Creek Watershed. Construction began in the spring of 2010. This stream restoration project will stabilize stream banks and prevent erosion. It will keep about 1,500 tons of dirt a year out of Lick Creek. Download the Lake Creek Restoration Project (PDF) document for more information.

Watershed Restoration Plan
Lick Creek is part of the Neuse River basin. The Upper Neuse River Basin Association (in partnership with the city and many other groups) created a watershed restoration plan for Lick Creek. This plan includes information on pollution sources in the Lick Creek watershed and ways to improve its health.

Get Involved
There are many ways for you to help protect the health of Lick Creek. You can adopt a portion of the creek or volunteer to label storm drains. There are also 2 major stream clean-ups each year. Big Sweep is the 1st weekend in October and Creek Week is the last weekend in March. Email the public education coordinator for details.

Dedicated Groups
You can also join some of the many groups dedicated to protecting the health of our rivers and streams. The Neuse Riverkeeper Foundation is active in this watershed.